Feb 132015

Teaching your child through his learning styles makes learning easier for your child. Do you know what that means for YOU?

It means better learning progress for your child! And you won’t have to repeat yourself as much. Your child will learn information more quickly if you teach in his style. You can cut the time you spend teaching each topic.

There are several learning styles models out there that you can choose from. The most popular model is the VAKT learning style model. VAKT stands for visual, auditory, kinesthetic, and tactile.

The Multiple Intelligences theory is also a well used model. A favorite of mine for creating a perfect learning environment is the Dunn and Dunn model.

Visit the learning styles pages below to learn how to teach your child using his best learning style(s).

For your easy use, here is a list of the learning styles links on this website:

Learning Styles:

Auditory Learning Style:

Visual Learning Style:

Kinesthetic Learning Style:

Tactile Learning Style:

For Multi-sensory instruction, simply chose an activity from each of your child’s learning styles. You can teach each concept using several learning style activities. Multi-sensory instruction takes creativity and planning. However, it is well worth the time if your child has difficulty remembering his lessons.

I have a lot of information on this website about determining your child’s learning style.

Aug 022013

One of the most commonly asked questions is:

“What kind of teaching strategies should I use with my child? He has dyslexia.”

Teaching a child with dyslexia to read is complicated issue requiring more explanation. After you read this page, you can find more information on dyslexia and programs in the Learning Abled Kids’ READING section.

As far as Teaching Strategies go, a child who has dyslexia requires instruction aside from typical books and papers.

Multi-Sensory instruction is one of the best teaching strategies for almost anyone.

There are several good reasons to avoid focusing on one “style” when teaching persons with dyslexia, and any person for that matter. The number one factor for people with dyslexia is that they are often intelligent. They’re quite capable of learning all kinds of content when taught using audio-visuals, hands-on activities, demonstrations, etc. Therefore, good teaching strategies often make the difference between a child’s progress in school, or lack of progress.

Considerations outside of teaching strategies:

If your child is receiving good instruction using the best teaching strategies, then you may need to consider other problems that cause problems with learning to read.

There is also the Irlen Syndrome, which is a sensitivity to certain portions of the light spectrum making it difficult to read the written word on certain color papers and-or under certain lighting conditions. These problems are treated with color-spectrum altering lenses or overlays. This condition is also “medical” in nature, not a neurological processing issue, but sometimes labeled as “dyslexia”.

Another issue with reading is ocular motor deficiencies (difficulty with smooth eye tracking), which is sometimes inaccurately labeled as “dyslexia.”

Both scotopic sensitivity and ocular motor deficiencies are visual problems.

In other cases, a child MAY be a strong auditory learner, rather than a visual learner. These kids may be auditory learners, so teaching them strictly through a “visual” style would be detrimental their ability to learn. By mixing up teaching strategies to include visual, auditory, kinesthetic, and tactile activities, your instruction should help your child.

“True” dyslexia as defined by the International Dyslexia Association, shows most persons with true dyslexia are “visual” learners. This is because problems with phonemic awareness are language-based, which makes it harder to learn through words.

Kids with true dyslexia are not strong in processing language/phonemes, so they are seldom auditory learners. Their primary and secondary learning styles are generally, but not necessarily always, visual and kinesthetic.  This alone makes teaching a child with dyslexia through multiple learning channels one of the best teaching strategies.

A multisensory teaching study by M. Martini revealed that “all students had significantly better achievements with multisensory approaches than with either auditory or visual approaches,” (“Effects of Traditional Versus Learning-Styles Instructional Methods in Middle School Students”, Rhonda Dawn Farkus, 2003, The Journal of Educational Research, Vol 97, No. 1). In her learning styles, multisensory study, Rhonda Farkus states, “The power of evidence supporting the benefits of learning-style methodology is compelling,” (Farkus, 2003).

“Achievement scores of students who were taught with instructional resources that matched their preferred modalities were statistically higher than were the scores attained by students who were not taught with learning-styles methods. Moreover, when students were taught with multisensory instructional resources, although initially through their most preferred modality, and then received reinforcement through their secondary or tertiary modality, scores further increased,” (Farkus, 2003).

The TOP Teaching Strategies for Kids with Dyslexia:

So, Multi-Sensory instruction is best.. Reinforcement of learning through multiple channels is well proved through study data. The most compelling study I’ve read to date on simultaneous multisensory teaching is “Sensory Mode and ‘Information Load”; Examining the Effects of Timing on Multisensory Processing” by Drew Tiene, Kent State University, International Journal of Instructional Media, Vol 27(2), 2000. This study shows clearly that hearing information, presented simultaneously with iconic visual input, is the most effective means of instructing. Using two channels of processing simultaneously allows the brain to process all at once and improves recall pathways through one channel or the other.

As far as teaching a person with dyslexia goes, the most effective teaching strategies are based upon Orton-Gillingham multisensory instruction. It must provide simultaneous presentation to the auditory, visual, kinesthetic, and tactile modes of learning. You might find the study “Teaching Reading in an Inner City School through a Multisensory Teaching Approach” (2002, Bouware-Gooden, Dahlgren, & Joshi, Annals of Dyslexia, Vol 52), interesting to read. Or perhaps, “Reflections. Teaching the secondary language functions of writing, spelling, and reading” (2003, Post, Y.V., Annals of Dyslexia, Vol 53).

One of my favorite studies is “Effects of Traditional Versus Learning-Styles Instructional Methods on Middle School Students” (2003, Farkus, R.D., The Journal of Educational Research, Vol.97 No 1). Farkus conveys, “Achievement scores of students who were taught with instructional resources that matched their preferred modalities were statistically higher than were the scores attained by students who were not taught with learning-styles methods. Moreover, when students were taught with multisensory instructional resources, although initially through their most preferred modality, and then received reinforcement through their secondary or tertiary modality, scores further increased,” (Farkus, 2003).

You can go through the Learning Abled Kids’ Multi-Sensory Training module to learn more about teaching your child with Multi-Sensory methods.  Specifically for teaching persons with dyslexia, you might also want to look for the Orton-Gillingham Manual teaching strategies and other Orton-Gillingham related resources will help you find information on teaching reading via learning styles based instruction.

So, I hope this information helps you further reach your focus in determining the best teaching strategies for kids with any variety of learning disability. By using multiple means of teaching and input, most learners will be better able to retain the instruction they receive.

One of the GREAT things about homeschooling is that you have the freedom and ability to use teaching DVDs, manipulatives, science kits, reenactments, hands-on projects, etc. for teaching your child. You don’t have to rely solely on traditional, classroom-style teaching strategies.  You can serve your child’s needs well by using multisensory instruction on a daily basis!

Best Wishes! Sandy

Aug 012013

Learning About Learning Styles and Strategies for Teaching is Important for Your Child’s Success

There are four main learning styles and strategies according to the most popular learning styles model. The learning styles are auditory, visual, tactile, and kinesthetic. Your child will learn best through one or more of these learning channels. You can help your child become a successful learner by teaching him through his primary learning style(s).

When you see programs say they are “Multi-sensory”, that means the instruction utilizes all of the learning styles and strategies for teaching in each lesson. Also, Multisensory teaching is of benefit to all children.

Auditory learning activities include reading, listening, hearing, etc. These are the learning styles and strategies used for teaching used in a typical school classroom.

At first you may confused because you may think, as I initially did, that reading is solely a visual activity. Reading is an auditory activity because it involves the language center of the brain and language processing skills. They are both auditory in nature. When you read, you “hear” the words.

If you suspect your child might have dyslexia, you should know our neuropsychologist told us “Not all visual learners have dyslexia, but children with dyslexia are visual learners.” Thus, a child with dyslexia will do better with visual teaching tools rather than learning through lecture, reading, and writing. SO, if your child has dyslexia, considering his learning styles and strategies for teaching him will be important for learning.

Children with dyslexia take in information through watching – videos, movies, plays, demonstrations, etc. They pick up TONS of information from their daily environment. Because of their visual learning style, children with dyslexia often enter school as BRIGHT, gifted kids, eager learners, but soon get labeled otherwise because they are now being taught through their weakest learning path. If you have a child who has “true dyslexia”, then you will want to seek out instruction that primarily teaches towards the visual learning style. Most children have a primary learning style, and a secondary style. Instruction will be most effective if it includes all learning channels, but must include the child’s primary learning style if it is going to be effective instruction.

Manipulatives are excellent for kids with a kinesthetic learning style, tactile learning style, and visual learners. The manipulatives are visual, hands-on and moving. They would not be as effective for a child with visual processing difficulties though. If your child has any of these learning styles and strategies for teaching with manipulatives is something you can do, go for it! They will probably help your child learn more easily.

A child with visual processing problems would learn more effectively from the auditory and kinesthetic learning channels. For children with auditory processing problems, the visual and kinesthetic channels are most critical for content learning. A child with significantly impaired movement might find kinesthetic learning activitiess the most difficult to use.

The key is to know what learning styles and strategies for teaching are most useful to your child. Then teach towards your child’s preferred learning styles.

Most children can learn to some degree through each of the channels.  If your child is taught through all channels, he will have maximized learning because what your child doesn’t get from his main learning style, he may get from another.

Thus, the most effective instructional method for teaching *ALL* children is multi-sensory instruction.  If you’d like to know more about developing multi-sensory lessons for your child, please visit our Free Multisensory Instruction Training.

Whatever your child’s learning styles and strategies for teaching you use, computer software can serve most children well. Using computers for educational practice drills is proven by research to be an effective reinforcement to learning.

Many companies are making learning fun, interactive, both visual and auditory, and providing robust computer solutions for learning. Using computer software can be an excellent way for children with an auditory or visual learning style to learn any topic. My main source for Educational Software is Amazon. They have a huge variety of programs available, including educational apps, so you’re likely to be able to find some program that meets your needs in Amazon’s Educational Software section.

Additionally, you might want to consider learning posters as a way to provide good visuals for your child. Good colorful posters of processes, cycles, categories, etc. can be worth a thousand words to a visual learner. The Learning Abled Kids Educational Posters for Learning store has a huge collection of educational posters. You can check out the variety at our educational poster store.

The easiest online tools to use in determining learning styles are Abiator’s Online Learning Styles Test 1 and Test 2. I LOVE these tests because the questions are relatively easy to answer, the scoring is automatic, and the results also give tips for the specific learning style. The tips are great for helping you teach your child.

Another tool I like is the Memletics Learning Style Inventory which asks a series of questions, then scores the results, and indicates your dominant and secondary styles. This inventory uses seven learning styles: Visual, Aural, Verbal, Physical, Logical, Social, and a Solitary learning style. While the styles vary from the widely accepted four styles, this inventory’s additional segmentation provides a more in depth profile.

A simple online version is the Visual, Aural, Read/Write, Kinesthetic tool developed specifically for assessing learning styles in high school students. You can utilize the questionaire, including the scoring guide, at this link for the VARK Questionaire for Younger People. VARK also has other tools for assessing learning styles that you may find helpful.

Determine your child’s learning style, then teach towards your child’s specific learning style strengths. The table below provides you with ideas for teaching to each of the primary learning styles. Many times a child will have overlapping styles and many of the activities apply to more than one learning style.

Read Aloud Books
Panel Discussions
Informal Discussions
Lectures & Speeches
Books on Tape
Radio Broadcasts
Music & Songs
Movies & Videos
Maps, Charts, Graphs
Field Trips
Computer Software
Models & Dioramas
Math Manipulatives
Letter Tiles, Scrabble
Computer Software
Arts & Crafts
Hands-On practice
Field Trips
Arts & Crafts
Clay modeling
Math Manipulatives
Computer Software

Aug 012013

Use One or More Types of Learning Styles to Identify Your Child’s Learning Needs

The most common learning styles model is the Visual, Auditory, Kinesthetic, and Tactile model, or VAKT Learning Styles model. Other learning styles models explore additional learner preferences or dimensions. These other Types of Learning Styles can be valuable for refining your teaching skills and optimizing your child’s learning.

Other Types of Learning Styles : The Dunn and Dunn Learning Styles Inventory

The Dunn and Dunn learning styles inventory considers a person’s environmental, emotional, physiological, psychological, and social preferences. The Dunn and Dunn Types of Learning Styles are excellent for considering a variety of your child’s learning needs.

The Dunn and Dunn learning styles inventory is very inexpensive and it will help you provide an ideal learning environment for your child. Your child’s learning preferences can make the difference between a functional or non-functional learning environment. This is especially true if your child has sensory integration difficulties.

To learn more about the Dunn and Dunn Types of Learning Styles, visit our page that has another level of detail in the graphics. You can find their learning styles inventory test at the learningstyles.net website.

Other Types of Learning Styles : Howard Gardner’s Multiple Intelligence Theory

Another widely accepted learning styles model is the “Multiple Intelligences” model.

Types of Learning Styles

It was created by Howard Gardner and classifies learners by their strengths in nine Types of Learning Styles :

  • Linguistic Intelligence.
  • Logical/Mathematical Intelligence.
  • Musical Rhythmic Intelligence.
  • Bodily/Kinesthetic Intelligence.
  • Spatial Intelligence.
  • Naturalist Intelligence.
  • Intrapersonal Intelligence.
  • Interpersonal Intelligence.
  • Existential Intelligence.

There is a graphic that illustrates the different types of learning styles in Howard Gardner’s multiple intelligence model on my Multiple Intelligence page. There are also resource links there for determining your child’s Multiple Intelligences.

Other Types of Learning Styles : The Learning Abled Kids’ Learning Styles Reference Page

Because there are several other pages on this website that discuss various learning styles, provide resources, and lists of activities, I won’t repeat them here. However, for your easy reference, I thought I’d include a link to the Learning Styles Index page with direct links to most of the other pages. You can find the Learning Styles Index Page here: learningabledkids.com/learning-styles/quick-guide-to-learning-styles.htm.

multisensory social studies instruction
multisensory instruction lesson planning

Spelling Can Be Easy When It's Multisensory

Aug 012013

Teaching Strategies for Tactile Learners & Tactile Learning

Do you have a tactile learner on your hands? (PUN intended!) 😉tactile learner
Tactile learning is fun. The key for teaching a tactile learner is to add some type of hands-on activity to each lesson you teach.

If your child is a tactile learner, then your best teaching tools are hands-on learning kits. The great news: there are a lot of educational kits and hands-on activities you can use for teaching your tactile learner.

One example is the paleontologist kit we used (see the picture). A tactile learner loves unearthing his own dinosaur bones! We added this kit to a great visual book about dinosaurs. Add any tactile learning activity to your teaching, so your tactile learner will remember the lesson.

Using hands-on, tactile learning activities helps your child learn every subject better. Teaching is often just talking or reading, especially for some subjects. When there is no tactile learning activity, your tactile learner won’t have a chance to experience the lesson. Your child has to feel learning with his hands. He needs to touch things and move things to learn well.

To help you with tactile learning activities for teaching, I’ve made a list of tactile activities for you. There are several tactile learning activities listed below which you can add to lessons for your tactile learner. Each learning activity is hands-on.

This table of tactile learning activities is not complete. Don’t feel limited to the activities listed here. Feel free to add tactile learning activities of your own.

Note: tactile learners usually like kinesthetic learning activities too.

tactile learning definition

You may want to check out the list of kinesthetic activities too.  You can mix the tactile learning and kinesthetic learning lists for more learning fun.

Jot down the tactile learning ideas you like best. Feel free to come up with your own ideas too. Build a list of the tactile learning activities your child likes best. That will make teaching easier for you over time. You’ll have a ready list of teaching activities at your finger tips. You may want to bookmark this page as a ready reference for tactile learning activities too!

Use the table below to start your own list of tactile learning ideas for teaching your tactile learner. Anything that comes to your mind is worth writing down!

Hands-On, Tactile Learning Activities for Teaching Your Tactile Learner

Drawingtactile learning Modeling Clay or Playdoh
Felt Story Boards Painting or Finger Painting
Finger writing on any textured surface. Examples: velvet, textured cloth, sandpaper, sand table, rice table, in a pan with oil or liquid soap, etc. Foot writing on any other textured surface. For example: use bare feet to trace or write information on carpet, grass, sand, etc.
Writing on Raised-line Papers or slick, thick paper (it has a different feel than traditional notebook paper). Using smooth-rolling gel pens
Art Materials Building Projects
Learning Games Project Kits
Lap Books Sorting
Making Dioramas Hands-on Experiments
Making Models Writing
Manipulatives (magnetic letters, letter tiles, abacus, blocks, etc.) Creative Cutting of shapes or images with scissors

You may also want to buy “Winning Science Fair Projectsscience projects for a tactile learner” books and for great project ideas. (I’ll tell you, building a potato cannon is GREAT fun for a tactile learner!)

You can have your child measure, draw, build, make things, etc. Anything your child can do with his hands is a great tactile learning idea.

Create a list of activities for teaching your tactile learner. You can use the list when you create multi-sensory lessons. You can pick one activity for each learning style (VAKT: Visual, Auditory, Kinesthetic, Tactile) for multi-sensory teaching. If you know your child is a tactile learner, teach your child by using tactile learning activities most of the time.

Teaching using tactile learning activities may be all you need to get your tactile learner learning!  If you need more ideas for your tactile learner, teaching kids with a tactile learning style, may be helpful to you too.

kinesthetic learning activities tactile learner and list of tactile learning activities multisensory reading instruction

Aug 012013

Need 24 New Ideas for Teaching a Child with a Kinesthetic learning styles?

Is your child a dynamic, on-the-go, active learner? Do you need to know how to teach children with kinesthetic learning styles?

Using kinesthetic teaching activities for kids with kinesthetic learning styles will keep your child interested in learning. It will also make learning easier and more fun!

Finding good kinesthetic activities for teaching children can be a bit difficult. However, there are many ways to teach a child with a kinesthetic learning style.

The chart below should give you 24 great teaching activity ideas for teaching kids with kinesthetic learning styles. This list of activities is worth bookmarking. It will help you keep your teaching varied. Variety makes learning fun and interesting for your child(ren).

If you are building a multi-sensory learning plan for your child, add one of these activities to your auditory and visual activities. Together, they will engage all of your child’s senses in learning. When you’ve chosen your kinesthetic learning styles activities, then move on to the next step. There, you’ll choose tactile learning activities for your child.

Whenever you are teaching a new topic, use one or more of the kinesthetic activities listed below. You can also come up with your own kinesthetic learning styles ideas. Be sure to write down all of the ideas you have. That will make coming up with ideas easier for you whenever you start a new lesson.

Kinesthetic Learning Styles based Activities:

Air Writing The Kinesthetic Classroom: Teaching and Learning through movement. Rhythmic Clap and Tap for spelling & memorization
Build Models
Catch Ball Drills – Play catch while reviewing facts Interpretive Dance Role Playing
Cooking / Building for measurement studies Jump Rope Recitation – Memorization while jumping Scavenger Hunts
Field Trips Large Arm writing on whiteboard or chalkboard Science Experiments
Frequent activity breaks / Brain Gym Letter Tiles Walk while listening to Audio Books
Hands-on Experiments Make your own “Walk and Talk” tapes for memorization Walking Review – Walking while listening or reciting
Hands-On Museum Visits Nature Hikes Plays, Drama, or Skits
Jump on a mini trampoline while memorizing Have child set up a “Shop” to practice math with money. Your child is the cashier. Sit on a large exercise ball instead of a desk chair


Note: Many of these Kinesthetic learning styles activities also work well for children who have a Tactile learning style. These kinesthetic learning styles activities are also great for kids identified as having bodily kinesthetic intelligence.

Kinesthetic Learning Styles based Lesson Planning:

Create a multisensory lesson by selecting a Kinesthetic learning activity to use in teaching your child. Add the selected activity to your prior auditory and visual learning activities.

If you need to find out more about teaching kids with kinesthetic learning styles, check out the kinesthetic learners page to learn more about this dynamic learning style.

Otherwise, click forward in this tutorial to learn more about multisensory teaching. After you choose the tactile learning activity, you will have written a complete multisensory lesson plan for teaching your child.

If your child is in public school, you might find the suggestions for persons with kinesthetic learning styles at Utah Valley University helpful to put into your child’s IEP. Doing so will insure your child’s teachers know how to better serve him in a regular classroom.

visual learning activities
kinesthetic learning styles
tactile learning activities

Aug 012013

On a step-by-step basis, create your lessons in the following way:

  1. Determine your instructional goal (what you want your child to learn).
  2. Find a visual way to teach the lesson (images, drawing, photos, museums, experiential, etc.)
  3. Find or incorporate an auditory way to teach the lesson (read aloud, video, book-on-tape, text-to-speech, etc.)
  4. Find a way to incorporate movement or touch into the lesson (scavenger hunt, manipulatives, art, dance, hands-on explorations, etc).
  5. Teach your child the unit, using your child’s primary learning style to introduce the content, insuring your child’s primary and secondary learning styles are the most significant elements in the lesson.
  6. Have FUN! Learning outside of textbooks is more meaningful and more engaging. It enhances long-term retention of the information.

To plan your lessons effectively, you may want to download and print several copies. Use the Multisensory Lesson Planning worksheets we’ve created. These guides will help you with lesson planning until the process of developing multisensory lessons becomes second-nature for you.

Multisensory Lesson Planning Word Document format (25K) (opens in new window).
Multisensory Lesson Planning PDF Format (57K) (opens in new window).

Aug 012013

Multisensory Lessons versus Learning Style Lesson Planning: What’s the difference?

learning stylelearning style

Up until now in this tutorial, we’ve been talking about multisensory lesson planning. While multisensory instruction is the BEST means of instructing any child, you can make instruction even more effective by teaching using your child’s primary learning style.

What I mean by that, is if your child is clearly a visual learner, he will learn best using pictures, images, and other visual teaching tools.

If your child is a tactile learner, he will learn best using tactile teaching and learning activities.

Reinforcement of concepts through your child’s secondary learning channels will help retention and recall too. Using your child’s main learning modalities for teaching will maximize your child’s learning. And do you know what that means??

Learning Style Teaching and Learning Means More Efficient Learning and Less Time Teaching!

If you teach your child the way he learns BEST, you won’t have to repeat yourself as often. Your child will learn more easily because the learning activities will be more natural to him.

Learning style lesson planning is done in a similar way to multisensory lesson planning. The main difference is that your teaching is done through the child’s primary learning style.

You can use a variety of activities that match your child’s primary and secondary learning styles. The
information is learned easier when the primary and secondary learning styles are used simultaneously. However, using your child’s learning styles sequentially is better than using only one style.

You can then use reinforcing activities. These can be any kind of activity, as well as activities from your child’s primary and secondary learning style.

Planning such lessons may seem difficult in the beginning. However, once you start teaching this way, you’ll find using a variety of different learning activities becomes easier for you. If you’d like an organizer page to use for planning lessons for all learning styles, print this PDF page.

A lot of difficulty comes from trying to think of what to do. To help make it easier for you, I’ve created lists of activities you can use in your lessons. Click on the link for your child’s learning style(s) to see a variety of learning activities you can use. (You might want to right click and open in a new tab, so you won’t lose your place here.)

Auditory Learning Activities

Visual Learning Activities

Kinesthetic Learning Activities

Tactile Learning Activities

If you continue with this tutorial, you WILL come to each of the pages listed just above here. So, you can proceed through the rest of this tutorial using the “Forward” button below. That way, you won’t miss anything!

learning style learning stylelearning style learning style lesson planning

Aug 012013

Using Different Learning Styles Models For Teaching Your Child:

Your child’s individual learning style is an important key for reaching his learning potential.

While different learning styles are primarily auditory, visual, kinesthetic, and tactile, learning can also encompass other learner preferences.

You can learn about different learning styles models and preferences on the pages that follow this one. This page focuses on one of the most comprehensive learning styles models.

Different learning styles can be based upon whether a person processes information sequentially or analytically rather than in a holistic, simultaneous, global fashion. “It is important to recognize not only individual behaviors, but to explore and examine the whole of each person’s inclinations toward learning,” (Dunn, Thies, & Honigsfeld, 2001).

Individual learning styles include emotional, environmental, sociological, psychological, and physiological preferences. These preferences are part of the Dunn, Dunn, and Price Learning Styles Inventory.

A good visual representation of these additional factors was created by Susan Rundle in the following graphic. It used with permission.

Dunn and Dunn Learning Styles Inventory

If you want to have your child take the Dunn and Dunn learning styles inventory, you can go to www.LearningStyles.net and sign up for it. It’s a really inexpensive learning styles inventory. It is a GREAT way to figure out how to build a perfect learning environment for your child.

Go ahead and read through the different pieces of this different learning styles assessment to see what you’ll find out if your child takes the Dunn and Dunn inventory. When you see how different social, physical, and emotional components affect your child’s learning, I think you’ll see the value in having your child take this assessment.

This applies whether your child is being homeschooled or in public school. These different learning styles components affect your child’s learning no matter where he is schooled. If you homeschool, of course you can build the perfect learning environment more easily.

Now, let’s examine each of these different learning styles / preferences in more detail on each of the following pages..

different learning styles