Jun 042014

We’ve known for decades:

Orton Gillingham Approach Reading Programs are effective for teaching children with dyslexia to read:

If your child has been diagnosed (officially) with dyslexia by a qualified neuropsychologist, psychologist, or psychoeducational evaluator, then you probably need to use an Orton-Gillingham reading program for homeschooling to teach your child how to read.

The Orton-Gillingham (O-G) methodology was devised by Samuel Orton and Anna Gillingham, and is a multisensory method used to teach children with true dyslexia to read.  Orton-Gillingham itself is not an actual program, but there are many reading programs available that use the Orton-Gillingham methodology that can be used as a homeschooling curriculum for dyslexic children.

In order to find an effective Orton-Gillingham reading program, you first need to know the essential components of the method. 

The Orton-Gillingham approach incorporates the following criteria:

  • Comprehensive – every detail of phonology is taught – every letter, every sound, every sound-letter combination, rules for spelling, rules for decoding, frequency of words using specific rules, etc.
  • Explicit instruction – every detail of phonology is taught outright – there is nothing that is bypassed in the instruction.
  • Direct instruction – Every detail is taught directly to the student.
  • Multi-sensory – Each piece of instruction is taught multiple ways using auditory, visual, and kinesthetic (movement) based teaching.
  • Mastery – Each piece of instruction is taught until the student can automatically recall the sound-letter combinations, decoding and spelling rules, syllabication, etc. without hesitation.

SO, when you are searching for a good Orton-Gillingham reading program, you will want to be sure the program is comprehensive, teaches content auditorily, visually, and kinesthetically, is detailed and explicit in directly teaching your child, and has built-in mastery checks either provided by the program or that you can use in assessing your child’s level of automatic recall.

There are some programs that have visual and/or auditory components, but NOT kinesthetic components.  While these programs work to a degree, they will not work as well as programs where teaching also incorporates some kind of movement, like finger spelling, clapping, toe writing on the carpet, large writing on a big chalkboard, etc.  If your child happens to be a kinesthetic learner, and many children are, then a program that does not incorporate large-body movement will not be the best program for your child.

As a key step, you will want to assess your child’s learning style to know what type of learning activities serve your child best.  If your child is primarily a visual or auditory learner, virtually all Orton-Gillingham reading programs use visual and auditory components or activities.

Thus, when you are looking at programs, carefully consider the thoroughness of the Orton-Gillingham reading program in utilizing the Orton-Gillingham approach.  Orton-Gillingham reading programs that are widely used among homeschooling families who are working to overcome dyslexia include (in no particular order):

Direct Instruction Dyslexia Reading Programs:

Computer-based Dyslexia Reading Programs to be used in ADDITION to Direct Instruction:

If you’d like an app for Orton-Gillingham reading practice, Sound Literacy is an app that uses virtual letter tiles for teaching. “Sound Literacy provides a parent with the basic building blocks (elements) that written words are made of – letter and letter combinations, prefixes, suffixes, and bases. With the added ability to create any combination used to explain how words are structured, spelled, or pronounced the possibilities are endless.”

In addition to the resources above, check out our “Home School Curriculum for Learning Disabilities” Resource page for a wider variety of homeschooling curriculum for dyslexics.  There are numerous Orton-Gillingham reading programs available on the market.  You just need to be aware of your child’s learning style and the primary type of multisensory activities within the Orton-Gillingham reading program you choose.

  2 Responses to “Effective Orton Gillingham Approach Reading Programs for Homeschooling Dyslexia”

  1. Looking for reading programs to assist surface dyslexia. Do you have any suggestions? Thanks

    • When you say “surface dyslexia,” are you referring to the form of dyslexia caused by brain damage? The specific strengths and weaknesses of your child’s neurological processes will dictate which reading program would be best. For example, does your child have good or poor phonemic awareness? Visual memory? Visual perception? Auditory processing? As The Dyslexia Help Handbook for parents points out, the root cause of the reading difficulties is very important when picking an effective program. It is probably the MOST important thing to identify before picking a program. 😉

 Leave a Reply



Warning: file_put_contents(/tmp/f8079178608079004e224ba93fcf0b99): failed to open stream: Permission denied in /home/sandykc/public_html/wp-content/plugins/botdetect-wp-captcha/lib/botdetect/CaptchaIncludes.php on line 2

Warning: file_put_contents(/tmp/f8079178608079004e224ba93fcf0b99): failed to open stream: Permission denied in /home/sandykc/public_html/wp-content/plugins/botdetect-wp-captcha/lib/botdetect/CaptchaIncludes.php on line 2
Change the CAPTCHA codeSpeak the CAPTCHA code

You may use these HTML tags and attributes: <a href="" title=""> <abbr title=""> <acronym title=""> <b> <blockquote cite=""> <cite> <code> <del datetime=""> <em> <i> <q cite=""> <s> <strike> <strong>