In instructional Design, there are two initial types of Analysis:
- Learner Analysis and,
- Task Analysis.
When designing individualized instruction to overcome learning disabilities, the first essential step before developing any program is to analyze your learner. To develop a full understanding of how to meet your child’s individual needs, you need to analyze your child’s learning needs, specific skills, learning strengths and weaknesses, as well as learning style. Without undertaking a period of analysis of your learner, you are likely to miss critical needs, helpful learning strengths, memory, processing or attention deficits that need addressing, or learning preferences.
The Analysis stage is one of information gathering. In this stage, you will not yet seek to “understand” or figure out how to use this information for your child’s benefit. In this stage you are simply gathering information.
As an info gathering stage, you will benefit from getting yourself a notebook specifically for tracking the information you collect on your child. It is preferable to use a 3-Ring binder so you can print results pages from the learning styles inventories, punch them and place them in your notebook. If you have a professional, comprehensive evaluation to determine your child’s learning disabilities, strengths, processing, etc. go ahead and make yourself a copy of the report provided by your practioner so you can highlight and mark in the document in the next phase of your individualized instructional design.
Let’s get started!
Step #1: Analyze Your Learner
If your child exhibits difficulty with learning, and you aren’t sure if or what kinds of learning disabilities may be present, you truly need to have your child evaluated by a highly qualified neuro-psychologist in order to adequately meet your child’s neurological learning needs. Only through a comprehensive evaluation can you know specifically what disabilities your child has, his learning strengths, and gain a deeper understanding of your child’s needs.
Some people wish to avoid having an evaluation of their child because they don’t want their child labeled, but trying to develop a viable learning program without an evaluation is like trying to make a medical diagnosis without seeing a doctor. I would contend that meeting a child’s specific educational and learning needs is as critical to his lifelong well-being as attending to his medical needs by getting a proper diagnosis.
Determining your child’s learning style(s) is a fun process and critical aspect of the learning formula which will enable you to provide instruction that is most easily assimilated by your child. Please visit the Learning Styles of the website for information and tools that will help you determine your child’s specific learning preferences. Go through each of the sections to determine your child’s learning style based upon the Dunn & Dunn, the Multiple Intelligences, and the Visual, Auditory, Kinesthetic/Tactile (VAKT) models. Print the results pages from any inventories you or your child take and put them in your binder. By determining your child’s learning preferences as viewed differently by each of these models, you will gain a well-rounded understanding of your child’s preferences for learning.
After you’ve had your child evaluated and have determined his learning style(s), it is important for you to learn all you can about your child’s specific learning disabilities. Explore categories in this website and search the web at large to arm your self with understanding of any specific diagnoses your child has been given. Any information or programs you feel will be helpful, print the information out and put it in your binder.